How To Do Defect Management In QA Testing?

Managing defects is the most critical task for any company after finding the defects, not just for the research team but for anyone participating in the software creation or process improvement process. The methods and defect tracking tools used to detect defects are highly valuable because they help recognize the aspects which need to be changed to enhance the production and testing processes generally.

Test Manager or QA Manager should realize at all costs which details must be gathered and encourage the proper use of procedures and resources used for the control of defects.

The lifecycle of faults and the life cycle of software creation

As you know, a related flaw in every operating component is introduced when someone makes a fault during product production or maintenance. The defect may be inserted into any job product such as the definition of specifications, technical text, use case, test case, code, etc.

States of Defects and Workflow 

Often software testing companies have a tool that keeps track of faults during the lifecycle of defects and maintains fault reports. 

Typically, at each stage of the defect life cycle, there is one owner of the defect report who is also responsible for performing a task that will transfer the defect report to the following state. The defect report does not have an owner in the last stages of the defect life cycle in these situations: 

  • The defect was patched and reviewed and thus the defect report was deemed closed.
  • The error report is canceled because it is invalid. 
  • If the flaw is not repaired as part of the project, the fault notification is postponed. 
  • The report of the defect is deemed unreproducible if the defect can no longer be detected.

Handling Redundant Defects and Reports of Invalid Defects

An abnormality may be observed by the tester due to a problem in the testing environment, testware or test data, or the tester’s own fault. If it is identified as a defect and then revealed to be irrelevant to some defect in the operating product, it is considered a false-positive test.

Since declaring it an invalid defect, the study is closed or explicitly canceled.

Often one defect may lead to findings that could appear to testers as several unrelated problems. If more than one flaw, which has a popular root cause, is identified. One fault report stays available in such cases, whereas other faults are closed by labeling them as duplicates.

Regulation of Cross-Functional Defect

The Test Manager and the monitoring company are usually owned by fault management. A cross-functional unit, however, composed of representatives from product production, product management, project management, etc., is responsible for handling faults identified by test teams.

The team for defect Management must weigh the costs, threats, and advantages involved with each risk in order to determine if the defect should be corrected or postponed since faults are recorded by the methods used for defect management.

When a defect has to be repaired, it must finalize its priority with respect to other project activities. The committee may meet with the test manager and members of the testing group to address the level of importance and seriousness of any defect.

Report for Defects

The testers must use them in their defect report when static testing detects a defect or static testing identifies a malfunction. It is important for:

  • Report management across each defect lifecycle stage
  • Project status evaluation in the form of research success and product consistency
  • Evaluating mechanism capacity 

The details necessary to handle the report of defects or to determine the progress of the project depends on the lifecycle level at which the fault has been identified. As the life cycle continues, more data is involved in the management of defect files.

Nevertheless, not only in the present lifecycle but all projects, the key data obtained must be consistent such that method fault data analyses can be done to achieve useful insights.

Analyzing Process Capability with Details on Defect Study

In assessing software development life cycle capability and monitoring, test managers must consider the position of fault reports.

In addition to information used during tracking test progress, addressed in both Test Management and Fault Study, information obtained in the defect would help process development measures.


Defect tracking tools are a must if you need to perform efficient QA testing when developing a complex or a wide range of simple applications to avoid any problems in the near future.

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