How to define an IP address and how to find the same?

How to define an IP address and how to find the same?
How to define an IP address and how to find the same? Image source: Pixabay

MEANING AND FUNCTION

If explained in simple terms, a collection of numbers separated by periods makes up an IP address. IP addresses are comprised of a set of four numbers, and they vary from 0 to 255. So, the entire IP addressing range spans 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. An example of an IP address can be 192.158.1.38. For more examples, click and learn more here. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a branch of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, uses mathematical formulas to generate and assign IP numbers (ICANN). The full form of “IP” is “internet protocol,” which is part of TPC/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), which is the communication language used by most networks.

An IP address is used to establish a link between devices that send and receive data over a network. All devices have an IP address that is unique; without one, we won’t reach the particular device. IP addresses ensure that other computers on the internet can communicate with us, but they also identify the geographic location of our device, although not giving out our exact location. This is useful when a website wishes to modify itself to our needs. For example, online shopping sites modify the currency of the pricing list according to the location of one’s country. 

 

TYPES OF IP ADDRESS

IP addresses come in several different forms. Every person or company with an internet plan will have two types of IP addresses: private IP addresses and public IP addresses. 

The phrases public and private reference to the location of the network. A private IP address is assigned to any device that connects to our internet network. Computers, smartphones, and other items such as speakers and printers are all included. While each connected device has its IP address, they are all part of our network’s primary IP address. Your router produces private IP addresses, which are one-of-a-kind identifiers for each device on the network. Another type is the primary address associated with our whole network, called a public IP address. Our ISP provides our router with our public IP address. This address will be used by all devices outside of our internet network to identify our network; public IP addresses are further divided into two types- dynamic and static.

IP addresses that are dynamic change regularly, whereas static IP addresses, once assigned by the network, do not change. A static IP address is not required for most individuals or businesses but is only essential for companies that intend to maintain their servers. ISPs often purchase a lot of IP addresses and assign them to their clients periodically.

 

HOW TO FIND AN IP ADDRESS

The most common way to find our router’s public IP address is to Google the same. When we type “what is my IP address,” the solution will be displayed at the top of the page by Google. Many sites show up in the result list like ‘whatismyip.com’ and ‘www.iplocation.net’; these websites will display the same information: they will see our public IP address because our router has made a request and so released the information by visiting the site. The location takes a step further by displaying our ISP’s name and your city.

An IP address is allocated to every device that connects to your internal network, whether at home or work, for example, our PC, your smartphone printer, etc. It makes no difference whether Wi-Fi or Ethernet is used. If they communicate with the internet or each other via our router, they will all have an IP address. And this address is referred to as an internal IP address.

To find one’s the internal IP address-

If we are using a Windows device, follow the steps given below-

  1. Use the command prompt in Windows.
  2.  Using Windows search, look for “cmd” (without the quotations).
  3. To find the required data, type “ipconfig” (without quotes) in the pop-up box that appears.

In a Mac:

  1. Select System Preferences from the drop-down menu.
  2. Select the network, and the data should appear.

On an iPhone-

  1.  Go to the Settings menu.
  2.  Select Wi-Fi, then click I in a circle () next to the network you’re connected to; under the DHCP tab, the IP address should appear.
  3.  Go inside the router to check the IP addresses of other devices on your network. The brand and software used by the router determine how you access it.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude, we can say in simple terms that our computer’s IP address is a network address that gives the path to the internet where to store our data and images, send our emails, etc. Another aspect we need to know about is the security threats and the importance of protecting our IP address in many instances.