Lots, Pips, And Risk Management: Choosing The Right Trade Size

Lots, Pips, And Risk Management: Choosing The Right Trade Size
Lots, Pips, And Risk Management: Choosing The Right Trade Size. Photo by Kanchanara on Unsplash

Choosing the right trade size is a crucial aspect of risk management in trading. Traders use various terms like “lots” and “pips” to determine the size of their trades. Let’s break down these terms and discuss how they relate to effective forex risk management.


A “lot” is a standardised unit of measurement in the forex (foreign exchange) and some other financial markets. In forex trading, a standard lot represents 100,000 units of the base currency. There are also smaller lot sizes, such as mini-lots (10,000 units) and micro-lots (1,000 units). When you trade a certain lot size, the value of each pip (price movement) will depend on the size of the lot. A standard lot will have a larger pip value compared to a mini-lot or micro-lot.


A “pip” is the smallest price movement that can occur in a given currency pair. In most currency pairs, a pip is the fourth decimal place (e.g., 0.0001 for EUR/USD). However, in some pairs, like the Japanese Yen (JPY), a pip is the second decimal place (e.g., 0.01 for USD/JPY). Pips are used to measure the price change in a currency pair and to calculate profit or loss.

In order to choose the right trade size and effectively manage your risk you should look at the following factors.

Risk Tolerance

Determine how much of your trading capital you are willing to risk on a single trade. A common rule of thumb is to risk no more than 1-2% of your trading capital on a single trade. Avoid overtrading.

Position Sizing

Your trade size (in lots) should be adjusted according to your risk tolerance and the distance to your stop-loss level. The further your stop-loss is from your entry point, the larger the trade size you can use while keeping your risk within your predetermined limits.

Stop-Loss and Take-Profit Orders

Make sure that you set stop-loss orders to limit potential losses and take-profit orders to lock in profits at predefined levels. These orders are essential for forex risk management and should be placed based on your analysis of support and resistance levels, market conditions, and your overall trading strategy.


Be cautious with leverage, which can amplify both profits and losses. Lower leverage can help reduce risk.

Risk-Reward Ratio

Without risk, there is no reward, but consider the potential reward relative to the risk you’re taking. A common guideline is to aim for a risk-reward ratio of at least 1:2, meaning you’re willing to risk 100 ZAR to gain 200 ZAR potentially.

Practice and Testing

Before using a specific trade size in live trading, consider practising your strategy on a demo account to see how it performs without risking real capital. A demo account is a great way to practice trades without risking real money, but it is wise to still practice realistic trades when using your demo account. You are essentially testing the waters.


Diversifying your trades across different assets or currency pairs can help spread risk. Instead of putting all your capital into a single currency pair, consider trading multiple pairs. Different currency pairs have unique characteristics and may respond differently to market events.

Continuous Monitoring

Keep an eye on your trades and be prepared to adjust your position size and stop-loss levels as the market conditions change.

It is important to remember that there is always a risk involved with forex trading, but if you educate yourself properly through browsing forex sites like FxScouts then you will be able to handle forex risk management better.