“During the conversation, a thorough exchange of views was held on the key problems of the Middle East and North Africa. At the same time, Moscow and Cairo reaffirmed their commitment to increasing efforts in the interests of finding coordinated political and diplomatic solutions to the crisis situations, including in Syria and Libya, as well as a just solution to the Palestinian problem”, the ministry’s statement reads.
Syria has been in a state of civil war since 2011, with government forces fighting against numerous opposition groups and terrorist organizations such as Daesh and its associates. Russia, along with Turkey and Iran, is one of the guarantor states of the Syrian ceasefire. Moscow has also been assisting Damascus by providing humanitarian aid to the residents of the crisis-torn country.
Libya has been destabilized and fragmented into territories controlled by rival political forces since its leader Moammar Gaddafi was overthrown in 2011. The eastern part of the country is governed by the parliament, backed by the Libyan National Army (LNA) and located in Tobruk. The UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA), headed by Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj, operates in the country’s west and is headquartered in Tripoli.
In recent years, the Daesh* has seized large swaths of land in the Middle East, primarily from Iraq and Syria, and declared a caliphate. The terror group’s activities have also been registered in other countries such as Afghanistan and Libya. However, the Daesh terrorists have been driven from the vast majority of settlements and territories occupied by them, including from Raqqa in Syria and Mosul in Iraq.
*Daesh (also known as ISIS/ISIL/IS) is a terrorist group banned in Russia and many other countries.
South Africa Today – World News – Middle East