Iran Reopens Border With Iraqi Kurdistan Closed After Referendum – Reports


The decision comes after Iraq extended its flight ban to the breakaway region until February 28: the limitations concern Kurdistan’s Erbil and Sulaimani airports.

Iran previously imposed a fuel embargo on the autonomous region, banning the trade of fuel products — in terms of both imports and exports — with Iraqi Kurdistan.

Meanwhile, military, diplomatic, humanitarian and UN flights to the area are still permitted, but subject to approval by the Iraqi government.

READ MORE: Independence Crisis: Iraqi Kurdistan’s Government Was in a Lose-Lose Position

The situation in the region escalated after 90 percent of Kurds voted in September in favor of the autonomy’s secession from Iraq. Baghdad, for its part, has called the referendum illegal and launched a military operation to recapture the Kurdish-held disputed areas of the country, while also imposing sanctions on Kurdish authorities.

READ MORE: Wave of Referendums Sweeps Globe as Minorities Seek More Independence

This move triggered the Iraqi federal government to instruct the country’s armed forces and allied Popular Mobilization Units (PMUs) to launch a military campaign in northern Iraq to retake the oil-rich city of Kirkuk from the Peshmerga, in addition to other disputed areas. Iraq also assumed control of all border crossings in Iraqi Kurdistan, and closed all airports there, effectively isolating the area.

As a result of these measures, the KRG opted to postpone its plans for independence, in a bid to appease its neighbors, to prevent further conflict and economic fallout.

Map of the Autonomous Region of Kurdistan

© Sputnik/ Sputnik, Dmitry Vinogradov

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