When one thinks about Nepal, the things that usually come to mind are exotic cultures and majestic Himalayan Peaks. Being home of some of the world’s tallest mountains, Nepal has certainly earned its mark in the world as one of the best travel destinations. It has everything that makes for an unforgettable vacation- from the multicultural aspect that spans the entire country and amazing natural diversity to breath-taking beautiful Himalayas.
In fact, Nepal is home of Mount Everest- the worlds’ tallest mountain peak. Moreover, eight among the ten tallest mountain peaks of the world are situated in Nepal. It is a cornucopia of diversity in all aspects like topography, ecology, wildlife and traditions of the people. It is of no wonder that Nepal is chosen by many people for vacations, especially for treks and hikes. People from all parts of the world visit Nepal to undergo amazing trekking adventures every year.
Likewise, despite Nepal’s relatively small area, the country’s topographical diversity is quite amazing. The lowest point in Nepal is 59 meters above sea-level in the Terai, while the highest point is Mount Everest- 8,848 meters above sea-level. The two points are, in a straight line, only 200 kilometers apart.
Here are top five reasons why you should choose Nepal as the best travel destination-
#1 Nepal’s Himalayan Beauty
As mentioned, Nepal is known for its Himalayas. The great mountain peaks of Nepal are the centerpieces for many amazing treks. The mountain peaks of Nepal present wonderful mountaineering and climbing opportunities for people. They are also the sources for much of the nation’s rivers and water bodies. The Himalayas of Nepal shadow the valleys and gorges below them, and are also responsible for shaping the environments and surroundings of the terrain. The northern borders of the country form a lustrous tapestry of cerulean mountains peaks that form the Great Himalayan Trail.
Similarly, famous mountain peaks of Nepal include Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga Peak, Mount Lhotse, Mount Makalu, Mount Cho Oyu, the Dhaulagiri Peak, Mount Manaslu and the Annapurna among many others. They are the world’s eight highest mountain peaks. The Himalayan beauty of Nepal is truly unprecedented. That is why trekking in Nepal is a must-do adventure for all trekking enthusiast.
#2 Nepal’s Cultural Diversity
Nepal is a country where many different cultures exist in harmony. The country has been a haven for ethnic Nepali culture and tradition. Each of the regions of Nepal harbor ethnic indigenous people who follow their own culture and practices. As a matter of fact, Nepal’s cultural prevalence is a major reason why it is such an attractive destination for exotic vacations.
The culture of the Nepali people has deep manifestations in many aspects of the day to day life of the people. The cultural identity manifests in many forms in the Nepali society like art, festivals, music, costumes and folklore. Each region of Nepal showcases unique presentation of culture. For example- the Khumbu region of Nepal (home of Mount Everest) is home to the legendary Sherpa people. In like manner, the Annapurna region is home t many ethnic Gurung and Magar settlements and villages. What’s more, Mustang region of Nepal is considered one of the last vestiges of an unsullied Tibetan Buddhism culture in the world.
#3 Nepal’s Diverse Topography
Nepal’s topography is as unique as it is fascinating. With plain smooth lands in the Terai, isolated valleys amidst hills in the hilly belt and a Himalayan terrain up north- Nepal’s topographical diversity offers countless amazing ecological riches to enjoy. The dramatic changes in the elevation of the country have resulted in a variety of biomes to form. The marshlands of Nepal’s upper and lower catchments are home to many endangered species of animals. In the same way, the subtropical forests form a lovely mosaic that crisscrosses across the entire length of the country. Many of it is also beautifully drained by ever-flowing rivers, glaciers and lakes that support the ecosystem and help it thrive.
Correspondingly, the geomorphologic diversity of Nepal also plays a huge part in tourism. People often like to do adventure sports in the natural setting of Nepal, like rock climbing and canoeing. Paragliding is a famous adventure sport that is quite popular in the country, along with white water rafting. Wildlife adventures also take place in the many protected areas and national parks of Nepal.
#4 Nepal’s Rich History and UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Nepal has ten UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Seven of the sites are located within the Kathmandu valley itself, making the valley have one of the densest concentrations of World Heritage Sites located close to one another. The sites hold an important cultural, historical and natural value to the world.
The cultural World Heritage Sites of Nepal include the three Durbar Squares of the Kathmandu city, the city of Bhaktapur and the city of Patan, the Pashupatinath Temple, the Swayambhunath Stupa, the Bouddhanath Stupa and the Changunarayan Temple. Each cultural site presents amazing insight into the historical and cultural context of Nepal. For example, the three Durbar Squares of the three ancient cities were the royal seats of power for the old Nepalese monarchy in the ancient and medieval times. Until quite recently as well, the Kathmandu Durbar Square was the major site where the crowning ceremony of the next Nepali heir to the royal throne used to take place.
In like fashion, the royal complexes of the Durbar Squares also harbor amazing architectural riches. The woodwork, metal work and stone masonry done on the doors, pillars and the windows of the temples and old monuments are a testament to the unprecedented dexterity of Nepali art. Newa architecture can prominently be seen in the buildings and temples of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Moreover, Nepal is also the birthplace of Lord Gautama Buddha- the founder of Buddhism. Lumbini, Buddha’s birthplace is also a World Heritage Site, along with the two national parks of Sagarmatha and Chitwan. The two national parks are listed under the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites of Nepal.
#5 Nepal’s Diverse Ecosystem
The floral and faunal diversity of Nepal is a result of the changing terrain. In order to protect its many diverse landscape and ecosystem, Nepal has the establishment of many national parks, protected areas, hunting reserves and conservation areas. More than hundred species of mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes have been protected in the Nepalese woodlands.
Equivalently, visitors can enjoy the animals and wildlife in the national parks of Nepal. They can see exotic and endangered animals such as the Royal Bengal Tiger, the Musk Deer, Red Pandas and One Horned Rhinoceroses in their natural habitat.
There are many more aspects and features to enjoy in Nepal. It is home to many Himalayan lakes as well. It is considered the best trekking destination in the world. Nepal’s many characteristics provide a great vacation time. Moreover, Nepal is relatively cheaper than most Asian countries too. It is an ideal travel destination that you must visit at least once in life.